The term African lion is a general term that refers to all of the species of lions that live in Africa. Lions are one of the largest types of cats that exist only second to the tiger. Lions have many characteristics that is only common in themselves. For instance, they are the only cats that live in a group. We call these groups a”pride”. A pride is a family unit that will consist of up to three males and as many as a dozen females. The young stays with the group as they grow until eventually the young males split off to start their own pride. It is very easy to distinguish between the male lion and the female lion. The male lions will be much larger than the female. Only the male lions with have a distinct ring of long fur around their head and kneck. This is called a mane. Both the male and the female have a specific role to play in the pride. Due to the role the males play in the pride, they are often referred to as “the king of the jungle.” The males are the protectors of the pride. They will mark thier territory with urine and they defend it against intruders. Their territory can be as large as one hundred square miles. The female lions are the primary hunters in the group,usually doing most of their hunting at night. Lions are carnivoruos animals that prey on large animals such as antelopes,zebras, and wildebeasts. A female will hunt alone, but mostly lions will hunt in groups. This works greatly in their advantage because lions are usually slower than thier prey is. Lions are known to be the laziest of the big cats. They will sleep anywhere from sixteen to eighteen hours a day. When lazying around they are very affectionate to one another and will groom each other. The lioness will give birth to, two to three cubs at once. Usually with multiple females giving birth around the same time. The cubs are raised together until they are old enough to hunt or the males can move on to make thier own pride. The cubs, though well protected, will have a mortallity rate of 60-70%. They can sometimes be trampled by large animals or are hunted by other predators such as hyenas, jackals, and leaopards. If they servive that they can also be killed by another male lion that has taken over the pride. Lions are considered to be vulnerable to extinction due to many reasons. Thier natural habitat is being compromised giving them less space. They are also hunted for many different purposes. Sometimes they are killed for ritual purposes. Other times humans kill them for what they believe to be medicinal purposes. And other times they are killed just for sport and as hunting trophies. These practices are considered barbaric by many people and really need to stop. Hopefully with the help of people such as yourself, we can bring more awareness to the problems lions are facing and eventually put an end to these practices. We want to thank our sponsor, Carpet Cleaners Hawaii, they are a company that provides carpet cleaning on Oahu. Without them this article would not have been written.